Berrypicking (Bates); Information foraging theory (Pirolli et al.)

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Berrypicking (Bates); Information foraging theory (Pirolli et al.):
***Bates, M.J. (1989). The design of browsing and berrypicking techniques for the online search interface. Online Review, 13(5), 407-424.
Bates, M.J. (2007). What is browsing–really? A model drawing from behavioural science research. Information Research, 12(4). to an external site..
Hjorland, B. (2011). The importance of theories of knowledge: Browsing as an example. Journal of the American Society for Information Science & Technology, 62(3), 594-603.
Sandstrom, P.E. (1994). An optimal foraging approach to information seeking and use. Library Quarterly, 64(4), 414-449. -this is the website for the LIS Theory and above is the sources that is within the Theory
Students will select an LIS theory or model from the list of LIS models and theories provided above and write a research summary on the topic. The LIS Model/Theory Research Summary, excluding the reference list, should be a minimum of 750 words in length and no more than 1000 words. It should be double spaced and in APA 7 format. The summary will include a brief statement identifying the theory or model of interest, how it might apply to the chosen information community, and what related studies have utilized the theory or model as a framework. The research summary should follow the following format:
Name/Title of Model or Theory
Summarize the model or theory in your own words and answer these questions: Who developed the theory? What questions or hypotheses lead to the development of the model or theory? Is the model focused on a specific type of information behavior or type of community?
Describe how the model or theory provides a lens for understanding the information behaviors of your chosen community.
List the other scholars who have used the model or theory as a framework in their research. Briefly describe those studies and what insights they give you about information behavior.
Provide a list of citations of all articles you used for the Summary.
Other Criteria its graded by:
Required Components
This evaluates whether the paper has a solid organizational foundation and includes all required elements stated in the assignment.
2 pts
This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeMechanics
This assesses the quality of the writing and technical aspects of the paper.
2 pts
This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeComprehension and Analysis
This assesses the learner’s broad understanding of the ideas, and ability to integrate the ideas into their work.
3 pts
This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeConnections to Course Content and Information Science
This evaluates how the learner uses INFO 200 and LIS theories as a framework for their ideas.


Name/Title of Model or Theory: Information Foraging Theory

Information Foraging Theory (IFT) was developed by Peter Pirolli and Stuart Card in the late 1990s. It is a cognitive model that provides a framework for understanding how individuals seek information, process information, and make decisions while engaged in information-seeking tasks. The theory is based on the analogy of an animal foraging for food in the wild. Pirolli and Card argue that people forage for information in much the same way that animals forage for food. The questions that lead to the development of IFT include: How do people decide where to look for information? How do people make decisions about whether to keep looking in a particular information source or move to another? How do people decide when they have found enough information to make a decision?

IFT is focused on information-seeking behavior and can be applied to a variety of information communities, including academic researchers, students, professionals, and the general public. It is particularly useful for understanding how people seek information in online environments, such as web search engines and social media platforms.

Studies that have utilized IFT as a framework for research include those on web search behavior, online advertising, and e-commerce. For example, a study by Fu et al. (2015) applied IFT to understand how individuals search for information on e-commerce websites. The study found that individuals tend to use a “scent” or trail of information to guide their search, and that they tend to make decisions about where to click based on the relevance of the information presented on the page.

In conclusion, IFT provides a valuable lens for understanding how individuals engage in information-seeking behavior. By applying the principles of animal foraging to information-seeking, the theory offers insights into how people make decisions about where to look for information, how to evaluate information sources, and when to stop seeking information. Studies that have used IFT as a framework for research have yielded valuable insights into how people search for information in a variety of contexts.

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